We describe the organization of the dorsolateral frontal areas in marmoset monkeys using a combination of architectural methods (Nissl, cytochrome oxidase, and myelin stains) and injections of fluorescent tracers in extrastriate areas (the second visual area [V2], the dorsomedial and dorsoanterior areas [DM, DA], the middle temporal area and middle temporal crescent [MT, MTc], and the posterior parietal cortex [area 7]). Cytoarchitectural field 8 comprises three subdivisions: 8Av, 8Ad, and 8B. The ventrolateral subdivision, 8Av, forms the principal source of frontal projections to the “dorsal stream,” having connections with each of the injected visual areas. The cytoarchitectural characteristics of 8Av suggest that this subdivision corresponds to the marmoset's frontal eye field. The intermediate subdivision of area 8 (8Ad) has efferent projections to area 7, while the dorsomedial subdivision (8B) has few or no connections with extrastriate cortex. Area 46, located rostrolateral to area 8Av, has substantial connections with the medial extrastriate areas (DM, DA, and area 7) and with MT, while the cortex lateral to 8Av (area 12/45) projects primarily to MT and to the MTc. The rostromedial prefrontal (area 9) and frontopolar (area 10) regions have very few extrastriate projections. Finally, cells in dorsal area 6 (6d) have sparse projections to DM, MT, and the MTc, as well as strong projections to DA and to area 7. These results illuminate aspects of the evolutionary development of the primate frontal cortex, and serve as a basis for further research into cognitive functions using a marmoset model. J. Comp. Neurol. 495:149–172, 2006. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.