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Developmental regulation of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid receptor subunit expression in forebrain and relationship to regional susceptibility to hypoxic/ischemic injury. I. Rodent cerebral white matter and cortex

Authors

  • Delia M. Talos,

    1. Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    2. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
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  • Rachel E. Fishman,

    1. Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
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  • Hyunkyung Park,

    1. Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    2. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
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  • Rebecca D. Folkerth,

    1. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    2. Department of Pathology (Neuropathology), Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    3. Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
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  • Pamela L. Follett,

    1. Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    2. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
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  • Joseph J. Volpe,

    1. Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    2. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    3. Program in Neuroscience, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
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  • Frances E. Jensen

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    2. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    3. Program in Neuroscience, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
    • Enders 348, Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115
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Abstract

This is the first part of a two-part study to investigate the cellular distribution and temporal regulation of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid receptor (AMPAR) subunits in the developing white matter and cortex in rat (part I) and human (part II). Western blot and immunocytochemistry were used to evaluate the differential expression of AMPAR subunits on glial and neuronal subtypes during the first 3 postnatal weeks in the Long Evans and Sprague Dawley rat strains. In Long Evans rats during the first postnatal week, GluR2-lacking AMPARs were expressed predominantly on white matter cells, including radial glia, premyelinating oligodendrocytes, and subplate neurons, whereas, during the second postnatal week, these AMPARs were highly expressed on cortical neurons, coincident with decreased expression on white matter cells. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed that cell-specific developmental changes in AMPAR expression occurred 2–3 days earlier by chronological age in Sprague Dawley rats compared with Long Evans rats, despite overall similar temporal sequencing. In both white and gray matter, the periods of high GluR2 deficiency correspond to those of regional susceptibility to hypoxic/ischemic injury in each of the two rat strains, supporting prior studies suggesting a critical role for Ca2+-permeable AMPARs in excitotoxic cellular injury and epileptogenesis. The developmental regulation of these receptor subunits strongly suggests that Ca2+ influx through GluR2-lacking AMPARs may play an important role in neuronal and glial development and injury in the immature brain. Moreover, as demonstrated in part II, there are striking similarities between rat and human in the regional and temporal maturational regulation of neuronal and glial AMPAR expression. J. Comp. Neurol. 497:42–60, 2006. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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