The projection pattern of the olivocerebellar (OC) axons, which terminate mainly as climbing fibers (CFs) in the cerebellar cortex, tightly reflects the compartmental and developmental organization of the cerebellum as revealed by mapping and reconstruction studies in the rat. The avian cerebellum is well lobulated and longitudinally compartmentalized like the mammalian cerebellum. However, the projection pattern of the OC axons has not been studied in detail for most areas of the avian cerebellum. In the present study, we reconstructed labeled chick OC axons resulting from a small focal injection of biotinylated dextran amine into the inferior olive to investigate their morphological characteristics, and to determine their relationship to the general morphology of the chick cerebellum. Labeled CFs were distributed basically in a single longitudinally elongated narrow band-shaped area in lobules I–VIII, but in multiple, transversely widened, band-shaped areas in lobules IX–X. Three of the four reconstructed OC axons terminated in a single longitudinally band-shaped area in lobules IXa–c, whereas the other one terminated in multiple mediolaterally separated areas in lobule IXc, which is part of the flocculus. Single OC axons branched into 14 CFs on average. Two CFs occasionally merged to form a single terminal arbor. Axons also had thin, non-CF collaterals that projected either to a cerebellar nucleus or to the cortex. The results indicate that the morphological characteristics of OC axons, including branching and termination, are basically conserved between the chick and the rat. J. Comp. Neurol. 521:3321–3339, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.