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Abstract

The previous study in this series demonstrated that the ingrowth of the central axons of the trigeminal (V) ganglion is prerequisite to V motor axon outgrowth and somatic translocation. In the present experiment we determined whether further interactions with V ganglion cell bodies were required by V motoneurons after the V ganglion innervates the brainstem. Soon after the ganglion axons had penetrated the brainstem they were severed, and a barner, either permeable or impermeable, was placed between the ganglion cell bodies and the metencephalon. V motor axons grew along aberrant pathways to circumvent the impermeable barriers, many rerouting to reach the V ganglion. Only those V motor nerves which contacted the V ganglion distal to the barrier reached their target musculature in the mandible. The pattern of migration of V motoneurons was normal regardless of the V motor nerve trajectory, but the cell bodies of those axons which did not reach a muscle were not fully differentiated.

When permeable barriers (Millipore filters) were implanted, the nerves followed two types of trajectories. If the pore size of the filter was small (0.45 and 0.025 μm), the V motor nerves grew identically to those observed in embryos in which impermeable barriers had been implanted. If the pore size of the filter was large (8.0 and 0.08 μm), the V motor nerve grew along its normal path directly to the barrier. Small axonal bundles from these nerves frequently grew into the filter toward the distal V ganglion.

These results indicate that V motor axons preferentially grow to the V ganglion perikarya after exiting from the brainstem. Contact with the V ganglion always results in V motor nerve growth to the mandible while growth of the V motor axons to aberrant target sites only occurs when the axons fail to contact the V ganglion cells distal to the barrier.