Single-Molecule Quantum-Dot Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer



Colloidal semiconductor quantum dots are promising for single-molecule biological imaging due to their outstanding brightness and photostability. As a proof of concept for single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) applications, we measured FRET between a single quantum dot and a single organic fluorophore Cy5. DNA Holliday junction dynamics measured with the quantum dot/Cy5 pair are identical to those obtained with the conventional Cy3/Cy5 pair, that is, conformational changes of individual molecules can be observed by using the quantum dot as the donor.