Get access

Binding of DNA Nucleobases and Nucleosides with Graphene

Authors

  • Neenu Varghese,

    1. Chemistry and Physics of Materials Unit, DST nanoscience unit and CSIR Centre of Excellence in Chemistry, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur P. O., Bangalore 560064 (India), Fax: (+91) 80 22082760
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Umesha Mogera,

    1. Chemistry and Physics of Materials Unit, DST nanoscience unit and CSIR Centre of Excellence in Chemistry, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur P. O., Bangalore 560064 (India), Fax: (+91) 80 22082760
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Achutharao Govindaraj Dr.,

    1. Chemistry and Physics of Materials Unit, DST nanoscience unit and CSIR Centre of Excellence in Chemistry, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur P. O., Bangalore 560064 (India), Fax: (+91) 80 22082760
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Anindya Das,

    1. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prabal K. Maiti Dr.,

    1. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ajay K. Sood Prof. Dr.,

    1. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • C. N. R. Rao Prof. Dr.

    1. Chemistry and Physics of Materials Unit, DST nanoscience unit and CSIR Centre of Excellence in Chemistry, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur P. O., Bangalore 560064 (India), Fax: (+91) 80 22082760
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Interaction of two different samples of graphene with DNA nucleobases and nucleosides is investigated by isothermal titration calorimetry. The relative interaction energies of the nucleobases decrease in the order guanine (G)>adenine (A)>cytosine (C)>thymine (T) in aqueous solutions, although the positions of C and T seem to be interchangeable. The same trend is found with the nucleosides. Interaction energies of the A–T and G–C pairs are somewhere between those of the constituent bases. Theoretical calculations including van der Waals interaction and solvation energies give the trend G>A∼T>C. The magnitudes of the interaction energies of the nucleobases with graphene are similar to those found with single-walled carbon nanotubes.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary