The effects of hydrogen bonding between dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and the co-solvents water, methanol, and ethanol on the symmetric and antisymmetric CSC stretching vibrations of DMSO are investigated by means of Raman spectroscopy. The Raman spectra are recorded as a function of co-solvent concentration and reflect changes in structure and polarizability as well as hydrogen-bond donor and acceptor ability. In all cases studied a nonideal mixing behavior is observed. The spectra of the DMSO/water system show blue-shifted CSC stretching modes. The antisymmetric frequencies are always further blue-shifted than the symmetric stretching ones. The DMSO/methanol system also features blue-shifted CSC stretching frequencies but at high mole fractions a pronounced red shifting is observed. In the binary DMSO/ethanol system, the co-solvent also gives rise to blue shifts of the CSC stretching frequencies but restricted to mole fractions between x=0.38 and 0.45. The different magnitudes and occurrences of both blue- and red-shifted spectral lines are comprehensively and critically discussed with respect to the existing literature concerning wavenumbers and Raman intensities in both absolute and normalized values. In particular, the normalized Raman intensities show a higher sensitivity for the nonideal mixing behavior because they are independent of the mole fraction.
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