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Keywords:

  • colloids;
  • halides;
  • nanostructures;
  • silver;
  • surface plasmon resonance

Abstract

Herein, we find that the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectra of silver nanoprisms in the presence of halide ions change gradually with reaction time. The changes in the spectra correspond to the shape transformation of silver nanoprisms. There are threshold concentrations of halide ions that initiate the shape-transformation reaction. The threshold concentrations for Cl, Br, and I are about 3×10−4M, 1×10−6M, and 1.5×10−6M, respectively. Any concentrations of the added halide ions above these thresholds can eventually etch the silver nanoprisms into nanodisks if the reaction time is long enough. The higher the concentration of the halide ions, the higher the etching rate will be. The kinetics of the shape transformation of the silver nanoprisms can be studied by recording their time-dependent surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectra on a commercial UV/Vis–NIR spectrometer. The peak positions of in-plane dipole SPR bands of silver colloids in the presence of chloride and bromide ions can be fitted very well with the biexponential functions. We propose that the fast components of the biexponential behaviors should correlate to the truncating effect on the corners of silver nanoprisms, and the slow component should correlate to the redeposition of the truncated residues onto the basal plane of the nanoplates.