Get access

Emergence of Supramolecular Chirality by Flows

Authors

  • Dr. Oriol Arteaga,

    1. Departament de Física Aplicada i Ôptica and Institut de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (IN2UB), Universitat de Barcelona, c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Adolf Canillas,

    1. Departament de Física Aplicada i Ôptica and Institut de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (IN2UB), Universitat de Barcelona, c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Joaquim Crusats,

    1. Departament de Química Orgànica, Universitat de Barcelona c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 933977878
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Zoubir El-Hachemi,

    1. Departament de Química Orgànica, Universitat de Barcelona c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 933977878
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. Joan Llorens,

    1. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Universitat de Barcelona, c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Eduardo Sacristan,

    1. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Universitat de Barcelona, c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. Dr. Josep M. Ribo

    1. Departament de Química Orgànica, Universitat de Barcelona c. Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 933977878
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Hydrodynamic forces in stirred solutions induce chirality in some supramolecular species of J-aggregates, as detected at the level of the electronic transition. However, the mechanism that explains the phenomenon remains to be elucidated, although the basic effect of hydrodynamic gradients of the shear rate is most probably the folding or bending of the nanoparticles in solution. Herein, we demonstrate a correlation between chiral flows in different regions of circular and square stirred cuvettes and the emergence of true circular dichroism (CD). The results show that chaotic flows lead to a racemic mixture of chiral shaped supramolecular species, and vortical flows to scalemic mixtures. In a magnetically stirred flask the descending and ascending flows are of different chiral sign and the CD reading depends on the weighting of these two flows of inverse chiral sign. The effect of the gradient of shear rates of the flows leading to chiral shape objects depends on the shape of the cuvette, which suggests that the flask shape and the controlled addition of reagents in defined regions of the stirred solutions may exert a control in self-assembly processes.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary