We review basic concepts as well as recent examples and applications of organic–organic heterostructures. We organize the different types of heterostructures according to material A deposited on material B (A/B), A co-deposited with B (A:B), heterostructures in the monolayer regime including nanostructuring concepts and systems involving self-assembled monolayers, as well as various other architectures, including superlattices. While most examples are related to small-molecule organic semiconductors, many of the ideas can be applied to other systems. The central theme is growth and structure as well as optical and electronic properties. Finally, we comment on implications for device applications.