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Keywords:

  • calorimetry;
  • dimethyl sulfoxide;
  • ionic liquids;
  • solvent effects;
  • thermochemistry

Abstract

Interactions between ionic liquids and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) are probed by isothermal titration calorimetry. The excess partial molar enthalpies of ionic liquids equation image in DMSO are discussed in terms of solute–solvent interactions. The specific interaction theory originally developed by Pitzer is used to analyze the apparent molar enthalpy ϕL of ionic liquids in DMSO with the help of ion-interaction parameters. Furthermore, quantitative information on solvent reorganization and clathrate formation is obtained and interpreted.