Electrocatalysis Using Porous Nanostructured Materials

Authors

  • Nadine Menzel,

    Corresponding author
    1. The Electrochemical Energy, Catalysis, and Materials Science Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering Division, Technical University Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 124, 10623 Berlin (Germany), Fax: (+49) (0)30 314-22261
    • The Electrochemical Energy, Catalysis, and Materials Science Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering Division, Technical University Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 124, 10623 Berlin (Germany), Fax: (+49) (0)30 314-22261
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  • Erik Ortel,

    1. The Electrochemical Energy, Catalysis, and Materials Science Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering Division, Technical University Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 124, 10623 Berlin (Germany), Fax: (+49) (0)30 314-22261
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  • Dr. Ralph Kraehnert,

    1. The Electrochemical Energy, Catalysis, and Materials Science Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering Division, Technical University Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 124, 10623 Berlin (Germany), Fax: (+49) (0)30 314-22261
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  • Prof. Dr. Peter Strasser

    1. The Electrochemical Energy, Catalysis, and Materials Science Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering Division, Technical University Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 124, 10623 Berlin (Germany), Fax: (+49) (0)30 314-22261
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Abstract

The performance of electrochemical reactions depends strongly on the morphology and structure of the employed catalytic electrodes. Nanostructuring of the electrode surface represents a powerful tool to increase the electrochemically active surface area of the electrodes. Moreover, it can also facilitate faster diffusive mass transport inside three-dimensional electrodes. This minireview describes recent trends in the development of synthesis routes for porous nanostructured electrode materials and discusses the respective important electrocatalytic applications. The use of structure-directing agents will play a decisive role in the design and synthesis of improved catalysts.

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