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The Influence of Defects on Mo-Doped TiO2 by First-Principles Studies

Authors

  • Xiaohui Yu,

    1. Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou Jiangsu 215123 (China)
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  • Tingjun Hou,

    1. Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou Jiangsu 215123 (China)
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  • Xuhui Sun,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou Jiangsu 215123 (China)
    • Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou Jiangsu 215123 (China)
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  • Youyong Li

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou Jiangsu 215123 (China)
    • Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou Jiangsu 215123 (China)
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Abstract

TiO2 doped with transition metals shows improved photocatalytic efficiency. Herein the electronic and optical properties of Mo-doped TiO2 with defects are investigated by DFT calculations. For both rutile and anatase phases of TiO2, the bandgap decreases continuously with increasing Mo doping level. The 4d electrons of Mo introduce localized states into the forbidden band of TiO2, and this shifts the absorption edge into the visible-light region and enhances the photocatalytic activity. Since defects are universally distributed in TiO2 or doped TiO2, the effect of oxygen deficiency due to oxygen vacancies or interstitial Mo atoms is systemically studied. Oxygen vacancies associated with the Mo dopant atoms or interstitial Mo will reduce the spin polarization and magnetic moment of Mo-doped TiO2. Moreover, oxygen deficiency has a negative impact on the improved photocatalytic activity of Mo-doped TiO2. The current results indicate that substitutional Mo, interstitial Mo, and oxygen vacancy have different impacts on the electronic/optical properties of TiO2 and are suited to different applications.

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