The presence of electronic traps in nanoporous TiO2 electrodes has been studied by cyclic voltammetry in aqueous media. These simple measurements allow us to map the density of states, providing evidence for the presence of a relatively small number of discrete electron traps at the band gap. We have taken advantage of the variety of TiO2 synthetic procedures that lead to well-defined morphologies (such as nanowires, nanocolumns, nanotubes, and nanoparticles) of anatase and rutile to investigate the nature of these electron traps. They derive from the structural disorder at the contact between neighboring crystalline nanoparticles. As expected, both their density and energetic location are highly dependent, not only on the crystalline structure (whether it is anatase or rutile), but also on the electrode morphology (i.e. the facets that meet at the grain boundaries). The trap density is also sensitive to pH changes and to the presence of some adsorbates. This variation of the number of traps with the electrolyte indicates that on one hand, an apparent electronic density of states is actually measured. On the other, it indicates that the traps are surface-related in agreement with their particular location at the perimeter of the grain boundaries. The effect of these traps on the observed electrode catalytic reactivity has also been studied. In the dark, it is found that they are directly involved in the electron transfer toward oxygen. In addition, under illumination, the trap states show a deleterious effect, favoring electron recombination.