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Keywords:

  • ab initio calculations;
  • group additivity;
  • hydrogen abstraction;
  • kinetic modeling;
  • oxygen

Abstract

Hydrogen abstractions are important elementary reactions in a variety of reacting media at high temperatures in which oxygenates and hydrocarbon radicals are present. Accurate kinetic data are obtained from CBS-QB3 ab initio (AI) calculations by using conventional transition-state theory within the high-pressure limit, including corrections for hindered rotation and tunneling. From the obtained results, a group-additive (GA) model is developed that allows the Arrhenius parameters and rate coefficients for abstraction of the α-hydrogen from a wide range of oxygenate compounds to be predicted at temperatures ranging from 300 to 1500 K. From a training set of 60 hydrogen abstractions from oxygenates by carbon-centered radicals, 15 GA values (ΔGAVos) are obtained for both the forward and reverse reactions. Among them, four ΔGAVos refer to primary contributions, and the remaining 11 ΔGAVos refer to secondary ones. The accuracy of the model is further improved by introducing seven corrections for cross-resonance stabilization of the transition state from an additional set of 43 reactions. The determined ΔGAVos are validated upon a test set of AI data for 17 reactions. The mean absolute deviation of the pre-exponential factors (log A) and activation energies (Ea) for the forward reaction at 300 K are 0.238 log(m3 mol−1 s−1) and 1.5 kJ mol−1, respectively, whereas the mean factor of deviation <ρ> between the GA-predicted and the AI-calculated rate coefficients is 1.6. In comparison with a compilation of 33 experimental rate coefficients, the <ρ> between the GA-predicted values and these experimental values is only 2.2. Hence, the constructed GA model can be reliably used in the prediction of the kinetics of α-hydrogen-abstraction reactions between a broad range of oxygenates and oxygenate radicals.