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Reversible Chemical Reactions for Single-Color Multiplexing Microscopy

Authors

  • M.Sc. Dominik Brox,

    1. Cellnetworks Cluster and Institute for Physical Chemistry, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 267, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany), Fax: (+49) 6221 54 51 444
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  • Dr. Michael Schwering,

    1. Cellnetworks Cluster and Institute for Physical Chemistry, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 267, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany), Fax: (+49) 6221 54 51 444
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  • Dr. Johann Engelhardt,

    1. Abteilung Optische Mikroskopie, DKFZ Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 267, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)
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  • Dr. Dirk-Peter Herten

    Corresponding author
    1. Cellnetworks Cluster and Institute for Physical Chemistry, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 267, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany), Fax: (+49) 6221 54 51 444
    • Cellnetworks Cluster and Institute for Physical Chemistry, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 267, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany), Fax: (+49) 6221 54 51 444===

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Abstract

Recent developments in biology demand an increasing number of simultaneously imaged structures with standard fluorescence microscopy. However, the number of multiplexed channels is limited for most multiplexing modalities, such as spectral multiplexing or fluorescence-lifetime imaging. We propose extending the number of imaging channels by using chemical reactions, controlling the emissive state of fluorescent dyes. As proof of concept, we reversibly switch a fluorescent copper sensor to enable successive imaging of two different structures in the same spectral channel. We also show that this chemical multiplexing is orthogonal to existing methods. By using two different dyes, we combine chemical with spectral multiplexing for the simultaneous imaging of four different structures with only two spectrally different channels. We characterize and discuss the approach and provide perspectives for extending imaging modalities in stimulated emission depletion microscopy, for which spectral multiplexing is technically demanding.

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