• kinetics;
  • nanostructures;
  • nanotechnology;
  • thermochemistry;
  • lithography


Thermochemical nanolithography (TCNL) is a high-resolution lithographic technique and, owing to its fast speed, versatility, and unique ability to fabricate arbitrary, gray-scale nanopatterns, this scanning probe technique is relevant both for fundamental scientific research as well as for nanomanufacturing applications. In this work, we study the dependence of the TCNL driven chemical reactions on the translation speed of the thermal cantilever. The experimental data compares well with a model of the chemical kinetics for a first-order reaction. The impact of higher order reactions on the optimization of TCNL is addressed. The reported quantitative description of the speed dependence of TCNL is exploited and illustrated by fabricating controlled gradients of chemical concentration.