Effects of Anesthetics, Sedatives, and Opioids on Ventilatory Control
Published Online: 1 OCT 2012
Copyright © 2012 American Physiological Society. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Stuth, E. A., Stucke, A. G. and Zuperku, E. J. 2012. Effects of Anesthetics, Sedatives, and Opioids on Ventilatory Control. Comprehensive Physiology. 2:2281–2367.
- Published Online: 1 OCT 2012
This article provides a comprehensive, up to date summary of the effects of volatile, gaseous, and intravenous anesthetics and opioid agonists on ventilatory control. Emphasis is placed on data from human studies. Further mechanistic insights are provided by in vivo and in vitro data from other mammalian species. The focus is on the effects of clinically relevant agonist concentrations and studies using pharmacological, that is, supraclinical agonist concentrations are de-emphasized or excluded. © 2012 American Physiological Society. Compr Physiol 2:2281-2367, 2012.