Standard Article

Junctional Transmission I. Postsynaptic Mechanisms

Handbook of Physiology, The Nervous System, Cellular Biology of Neurons

  1. Akira Takeuchi

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp010109

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Takeuchi, A. 2011. Junctional Transmission I. Postsynaptic Mechanisms. Comprehensive Physiology. 295–327.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Hongo, Tokyo, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Types of Synapses
  • 2
    Postsynaptic Responses at Excitatory Synapses
    • 2.1
      Excitatory Postsynaptic Potential and End-plate Potential
    • 2.2
      Equivalent Electrical Circuit
    • 2.3
      Synaptic Current and End-plate Current
    • 2.4
      Conductance of the Synaptic Membrane During the Transmitter Action
    • 2.5
      Generation of the Action Potential
    • 2.6
      Equilibrium Potential or Reversal Potential
    • 2.7
      Ionic Mechanism of the Excitatory Synapses
    • 2.8
      Specificity of Ion Pathways
    • 2.9
      Elementary Conductance Changes Induced by Acetylcholine Molecules
    • 2.10
      Time Course of the Transmitter Action
    • 2.11
      Action of Transmitter Substances
  • 3
    Postsynaptic Responses at Inhibitory Synapses
    • 3.1
      Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potential
    • 3.2
      Mode of Action of the Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potential
    • 3.3
      Ionic Mechanism of the Postsynaptic Inhibition
    • 3.4
      Ion Specificity in the Inhibitory Postsynaptic Membrane
  • 4
    Presynaptic Inhibition
  • 5
    Amount of Transmitter Released and the Postsynaptic Responses
  • 6
    Electrical Transmission Versus Chemical Transmision
    • 6.1
      Synaptic Delay
    • 6.2
      Direction of the Transmission
    • 6.3
      Relative Size of the Presynaptic and Postsynaptic Fibers
    • 6.4
      Inhibition