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Axonal Transport: The Intracellular Traffic of the Neuron

Handbook of Physiology, The Nervous System, Cellular Biology of Neurons

  1. Bernice Grafstein

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp010119

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Grafstein, B. 2011. Axonal Transport: The Intracellular Traffic of the Neuron. Comprehensive Physiology. 691–717.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, Cornell University Medical College, New York, New York

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Anterograde Transport of Protein
    • 1.1
      Demonstration of Fast and Slow Components
    • 1.2
      Characteristics of the Fast and Slow Components
    • 1.3
      Postulated Mechanisms of Transport
    • 1.4
      Intermediate Rates of Protein Transport
  • 2
    Retrograde Transport of Protein
  • 3
    Transport of Materials Other than Protein
    • 3.1
      Phospholipids
    • 3.2
      Nucleotides and Related Compounds
    • 3.3
      Ribonucleic Acid
  • 4
    Functions of the Transported Material
    • 4.1
      Maintenance and Growth of the Axon
    • 4.2
      Renewal of the Plasma Membrane
    • 4.3
      Supply of Materials to Nerve Terminals
    • 4.4
      Release of Trophic Materials
    • 4.5
      Removal of Materials from Nerve Terminals
    • 4.6
      Initiation of the Cell Body Response to Axon Injury
    • 4.7
      Other Signals to the Cell Body
    • 4.8
      Structural Modification in Learning
  • 5
    Applications of the Principles of Axonal Transport
    • 5.1
      Neuroanatomy
    • 5.2
      Neurochemistry
    • 5.3
      Neuropathology
  • 6
    The Present Status of Axonal Transport: A Summary