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Integration in Spinal Neuronal Systems

Handbook of Physiology, The Nervous System, Motor Control

  1. Fausto Baldissera1,
  2. Hans Hultborn2,†,
  3. Michael Illert3

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp010212

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Baldissera, F., Hultborn, H. and Illert, M. 2011. Integration in Spinal Neuronal Systems. Comprehensive Physiology. 509–595.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Laboratorio di Fisiologia dei Centri Nervosi, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Milan, Italy

  2. 2

    Department of Physiology, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden

  3. 3

    Physiologisches Institut der Universität München, Munich, Germany

  1. Department of Neurophysiology, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Methodological Considerations
    • 1.1
      Selective Stimulation of Primary Afferents
    • 1.2
      Stimulation of Central Motor Systems
    • 1.3
      Methods for Investigation of Convergence at Interneuronal Level
  • 2
    Spinal Neuronal Circuits Used in Common by Segmental Afferents and Supraspinal Motor Centers
    • 2.1
      Recurrent Inhibition
    • 2.2
      Pathways From Ia-Afferents and Their Control by γ-Motoneurons
    • 2.3
      Reflex Pathways From Group Ib Tendon Organ Afferents
    • 2.4
      Reflex Pathways From Cutaneous and Joint Afferents and From Groups II and III Muscle Afferents
    • 2.5
      Propriospinal Neurons
    • 2.6
      Presynaptic Inhibition of Transmission From Primary Afferents
  • 3
    Reticulospinal Inhibition of Segmental Reflex Transmission
    • 3.1
      Dorsal Reticulospinal System
    • 3.2
      Ventral Reticulospinal Pathways
    • 3.3
      Monoaminergic Reticulospinal Pathways
    • 3.4
      Decerebrate Preparation
  • 4
    Direct Projections of Descending Pathways to α-Motoneurons
  • 5
    Ascending Pathways that Monitor Segmental Interneuronal Activity
    • 5.1
      Evidence That Ascending FRA Pathways Monitor Activity in Interneurons of Reflex Pathways
    • 5.2
      Information Via Ascending Collaterals of Interneurons
    • 5.3
      Ventral Flexor Reflex Tracts
    • 5.4
      Ventral Spinocerebellar Tract
  • 6
    General Summary and Epilogue
    • 6.1
      General Summary
    • 6.2
      Epilogue