Standard Article

Anatomy of the Descending Pathways

Handbook of Physiology, The Nervous System, Motor Control

  1. H. G. J. M. Kuypers

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp010213

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Kuypers, H. G. J. M. 2011. Anatomy of the Descending Pathways. Comprehensive Physiology. 597–666.

Author Information

  1. Department of Anatomy, Erasmus University Medical School, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Anatomical Techniques
    • 1.1
      Visualization of Neurons and Their Processes
    • 1.2
      Tracing of Axons and Identification of Their Terminals by Techniques of Anterograde Labeling
    • 1.3
      Identification of Cells of Origin of Fiber Systems by Retrograde Labeling
    • 1.4
      Identification of Neurons and Tracing of Their Axons
  • 2
    Anatomy of Spinal Cord and Brain Stem
    • 2.1
      Spinal Cord
    • 2.2
      Brain Stem
  • 3
    Descending Pathways
    • 3.1
      Descending Brain Stem Pathways
    • 3.2
      Descending Cortical Pathways
  • 4
    Synthesis
    • 4.1
      Grouping of Descending Pathways on the Basis of Their Terminal Distribution
    • 4.2
      Functional Epilogue