Standard Article

Internal Organization of the Motor Cortex for Input-Output Arrangements

Handbook of Physiology, The Nervous System, Motor Control

  1. R. Porter

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp010222

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Porter, R. 2011. Internal Organization of the Motor Cortex for Input-Output Arrangements. Comprehensive Physiology. 1063–1081.

Author Information

  1. John Curtin School of Medical Research, Canberra, A.C.T., Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Overview
  • 2
    Arrangement of Cells in Motor Cortex
    • 2.1
      Input of Thalamic Afferents to Cortex
    • 2.2
      Stratification of Output Elements
    • 2.3
      Output Cells With Separate Axonal Destinations
    • 2.4
      Complex Local Interactions Affecting Output Cells
    • 2.5
      Dynamic Input-Output Relations for Individual Output Elements
  • 3
    Electrical Stimulation Studies in Motor Cortex
    • 3.1
      Cortical Distribution of Output Elements
    • 3.2
      Contributions of Different Output Elements to Response Produced
  • 4
    Influences of Natural Activation of Peripheral Receptors
    • 4.1
      Projection From Peripheral Afferents to Motor Cortex
    • 4.2
      Relation Between Afferent Input Zone and Motor Effect Field
    • 4.3
      Influence of Peripheral Afferent Input to Individual Cortical Elements
    • 4.4
      Input from Peripheral Receptors to Pyramidal Tract Neurons
  • 5
    Pathways for Afferent Projections
    • 5.1
      Thalamic Relay for Inputs to Motor Cortex
  • 6
    Modification of Cortical Responses to Peripheral Stimuli
  • 7
    Summary