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Central Nervous System Control of Nutrient Homeostasis

Handbook of Physiology, The Nervous System, Intrinsic Regulatory Systems of the Brain

  1. Stephen C. Woods1,
  2. Gerald J. Taborsky Jr.2,
  3. Daniel Porte Jr.2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp010407

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Woods, S. C., Taborsky, G. J. and Porte, D. 2011. Central Nervous System Control of Nutrient Homeostasis. Comprehensive Physiology. 365–411.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

  2. 2

    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, and Seattle Veterans Administration Medical Center, Seattle, Washington

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Central Nervous System Control of Food Intake and Body Weight
    • 1.1
      History
    • 1.2
      Set-Point Hypothesis
    • 1.3
      Control of Food Intake
    • 1.4
      Neuropeptides as Satiety Factors
    • 1.5
      Neuropeptides That Increase Meal Size
    • 1.6
      Central Neural Circuits and Aminergic Transmitters
    • 1.7
      Afferent Inputs to Hypothalamus Related to Feeding
  • 2
    Central Nervous System Control of Glucose Homeostasis
    • 2.1
      Overview
    • 2.2
      Overnight Fast
    • 2.3
      Plasma Glucose Regulation During Meals
    • 2.4
      Plasma Glucose Regulation During Exercise
    • 2.5
      Stress Hyperglycemia
    • 2.6
      Central Mechanisms for Glucose Sensing and Regulation
    • 2.7
      CNS Effects of Neuropeptides on Plasma Glucose
  • 3
    Neuroendocrine Effector Organs for Metabolic Regulation
    • 3.1
      Endocrine Pancreas
    • 3.2
      Liver
    • 3.3
      Adipose Tissue
    • 3.4
      Skeletal Muscle
  • 4
    Conclusions