Standard Article

Hypothalamohypophysiotropic Peptide Systems

Handbook of Physiology, The Nervous System, Intrinsic Regulatory Systems of the Brain

  1. Stephen M. Sagar,
  2. Joseph B. Martin

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp010408

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Sagar, S. M. and Martin, J. B. 2011. Hypothalamohypophysiotropic Peptide Systems. Comprehensive Physiology. 413–462.

Author Information

  1. Neurology Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Anatomy of Hypothalamohypophysial System
    • 1.1
      Pituitary Gland
    • 1.2
      Hypophysial Portal Circulation
    • 1.3
      Hypothalamus
    • 1.4
      Anatomical Distribution of Releasing Factors in Hypothalamus
    • 1.5
      Aminergic Innervation of Hypothalamus
  • 2
    Biosynthesis, Storage, and Release of Hypothalamic Peptides
    • 2.1
      Biosynthesis of Hypothalamic Peptides
    • 2.2
      Peptide Storage
    • 2.3
      Peptide Release
  • 3
    Actions of Hypothalamic Hormones on Anterior Pituitary
    • 3.1
      Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone
    • 3.2
      Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
    • 3.3
      Somatostatin
    • 3.4
      Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
    • 3.5
      Growth Hormone-Releasing Factor
  • 4
    Central Nervous System Influences on Anterior Pituitary Regulation
    • 4.1
      Growth Hormone
    • 4.2
      Prolactin
    • 4.3
      Thyrotropin
    • 4.4
      Gonadotropins
    • 4.5
      Adrenocorticotropin and β-Endorphin
  • 5
    Conclusions