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Neurogenic Control of the Vascular System: Focus on Cerebral Circulation

Handbook of Physiology, The Nervous System, Intrinsic Regulatory Systems of the Brain

  1. Christer Owman

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp010410

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Owman, C. 2011. Neurogenic Control of the Vascular System: Focus on Cerebral Circulation. Comprehensive Physiology. 525–580.

Author Information

  1. Department of Histology, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Neurogenic Regulation of Vascular Homeostasis—Problem Analysis
  • 2
    Brain Stem Control of The Circulation
    • 2.1
      Nucleus of Solitary Tract
    • 2.2
      Fastigial Nucleus
    • 2.3
      Locus Coeruleus
  • 3
    Central Noradrenergic Nerves and Stroke
  • 4
    Vascular Neuroeffector System
    • 4.1
      Neuromuscular Relationship
    • 4.2
      Intraneuronal Distribution of the Transmitter
    • 4.3
      Release of Transmitter and Effector Activation
  • 5
    Neurohistological Methods for Studies of Vascular Innervation
    • 5.1
      Fluorescence Histochemistry
    • 5.2
      Immunohistochemistry
    • 5.3
      Cholinesterase Histochemistry
  • 6
    Autonomic Innervation of Blood Vessels
    • 6.1
      Adrenergic Nerves
    • 6.2
      Cholinergic Nerves
    • 6.3
      P-Type Nerves: Nonadrenergic, Noncholinergic
  • 7
    Sympathetic Control of Cerebrovascular Bed
  • 8
    Cerebrovascular Sympathetic Nerves and Vasospasm After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  • 9
    Blood-Brain Barrier
    • 9.1
      Morphological Barrier
    • 9.2
      Enzymatic Barrier
  • 10
    Experimental Opening of Blood-Brain Barrier
    • 10.1
      Effects of Circulating Neurotransmitters
  • 11
    Vasodilatation Mediated by Autonomic Receptors in Vessel Wall
    • 11.1
      β-Adrenoceptors
    • 11.2
      Dopamine Receptors
    • 11.3
      Serotonergic Mechanisms
    • 11.4
      Histamine Receptors
    • 11.5
      Cholinergic Mechanisms
  • 12
    Neurogenic Vasodilatation
    • 12.1
      Ganglionic Inhibition by Dopamine
    • 12.2
      Peripheral Inhibition of Adrenergic Neurotransmission
    • 12.3
      Neuropeptide-Induced Vasodilatation
  • 13
    Summary