Standard Article

The Cardiac Ventricular Action Potential

Handbook of Physiology, The Cardiovascular System, The Heart

  1. Yoram Rudy

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp020113

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Rudy, Y. 2011. The Cardiac Ventricular Action Potential. Comprehensive Physiology. 531–547.

Author Information

  1. Departments of Biomedical Engineering, Physiology & Biophysics, and Medicine, and the Cardiac Bioelectricity Research and Training Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011


The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Fundamental Principles
  • 2
    The Ventricular Cell is A Complex Interactive System
  • 3
    Ionic Basis of the Action Potential
    • 3.1
      The Normal Action Potential
    • 3.2
      The Premature Action Potential and Adaptation to Rate
  • 4
    Heterogeneity of Ventricular Action Potentials
  • 5
    Abnormal Repolarization. Example—Early Afterdepolarizations
  • 6
    Effects of Ionic Concentrations on the Action Potential. Example—Sodium Overload
  • 7
    Pathological Action Potential Changes. Example—Acute Ischemia
  • 8