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Content and Fluxes of Electrolytes

Handbook of Physiology, The Cardiovascular System, Vascular Smooth Muscle

  1. Allan W. Jones

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp020211

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Jones, A. W. 2011. Content and Fluxes of Electrolytes. Comprehensive Physiology. 253–299.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Physicochemical Models of Cellular Behavior
    • 1.1
      Prevailing Assumptions
    • 1.2
      Osmotic Properties
    • 1.3
      Membrane Diffusion
    • 1.4
      Electrochemical Potentials
  • 2
    Experimental Approaches
    • 2.1
      Chemical Dissection
    • 2.2
      Isotope Flux Analyses
    • 2.3
      Electron Probe Analyses
  • 3
    Ionic Transport Mechanisms
    • 3.1
      Simple Diffusion or Permeation
    • 3.2
      Active Transport
    • 3.3
      Exchange Diffusion
  • 4
    Control of Cellular H2O
    • 4.1
      Osmotic Balance
    • 4.2
      Transport Mechanisms
  • 5
    Temperature Dependence
    • 5.1
      Activation Energy
    • 5.2
      Phase Transitions
  • 6
    Effects of Excitatory Agents
    • 6.1
      Membrane Potentials
    • 6.2
      Ionic Fluxes
  • 7
    Divalent Ions
    • 7.1
      Calcium
    • 7.2
      Magnesium
  • 8
    Conclusion