Standard Article

Circulatory Correlates: Vascular Impedance, Resistance, and Capacity

Handbook of Physiology, The Cardiovascular System, Vascular Smooth Muscle

  1. Barry S. Gow

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp020214

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Gow, B. S. 2011. Circulatory Correlates: Vascular Impedance, Resistance, and Capacity. Comprehensive Physiology. 353–408.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, The University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Windkessel Vessels
    • 1.1
      Arterial Diameter Measurement
    • 1.2
      Caliber Changes and Hemodynamic Consequences in Windkessel Vessels
    • 1.3
      Arterial Elasticity and Hemodynamics
    • 1.4
      Effects of Alterations in Vasomotor Tone on Arterial Elasticity
    • 1.5
      Effects of Alterations in Transmural Pressure on Arterial Elasticity
    • 1.6
      Vasomotor Changes and Vascular Impedance
    • 1.7
      Smooth Muscle and Baroreceptor Areas
  • 2
    Resistance Vessels
    • 2.1
      Blood Flow, Pressure Gradient, Vascular Caliber, and Viscosity
    • 2.2
      Critical Closure
    • 2.3
      Vasomotor Changes in Microcirculation and Capillary Fluid Dynamics
    • 2.4
      Integrated Responses
  • 3
    Capacitance Vessels
    • 3.1
      Venoconstriction and Venous Capacity
    • 3.2
      Mobilization of Volume by Systemic Circulation: Venomotor Changes and Mean Circulatory Pressure
    • 3.3
      Mobilization by Regional Circulations
    • 3.4
      Changes in Compliance and Hemodynamic Consequences
    • 3.5
      Venomotor Changes and Cardiac Output
    • 3.6
      Conclusions