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Pulmonary Circulation

Handbook of Physiology, The Cardiovascular System, Peripheral Circulation and Organ Blood Flow

  1. Robert F. Grover,
  2. Wiltz W. Wagner Jr.,
  3. Ivan F. McMurtry,
  4. John T. Reeves

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp020304

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Grover, R. F., Wagner, W. W., McMurtry, I. F. and Reeves, J. T. 2011. Pulmonary Circulation. Comprehensive Physiology. 103–136.

Author Information

  1. Department of Medicine, University of Colorado, Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Historical Landmarks
    • 1.1
      Theories of Antiquity
    • 1.2
      Concepts of Circulation
    • 1.3
      Concepts of Respiration
    • 1.4
      Hemodynamic Measurements
  • 2
    Modern Views of Pulmonary Circulation
    • 2.1
      During Rest
    • 2.2
      During Exercise
  • 3
    Pulmonary Effects of Altitude
    • 3.1
      Species Variation
    • 3.2
      Individual Variation in Pressor Response
    • 3.3
      Pulmonary Arterial Pressure in Relation to Age
    • 3.4
      Pulmonary Vascular Reactivity
    • 3.5
      Exercise
    • 3.6
      Diffusing Capacity
    • 3.7
      Distribution of Pulmonary Blood Flow
    • 3.8
      Pulmonary Hypertension as Maladaptation
    • 3.9
      Summary
  • 4
    Circulatory Mechanisms to Optimize Blood Oxygenation
    • 4.1
      Matching Perfusion to Ventilation
    • 4.2
      Anatomical Site of Increased Resistance During Hypoxia
    • 4.3
      Hypoxic Pulmonary Vasoconstriction
    • 4.4
      Molecular Nature of Oxygen Sensor
    • 4.5
      Transduction Process
    • 4.6
      Modulators of Hypoxic Pulmonary Vasoconstriction
  • 5
    Current Perspective on Pulmonary Vascular Control