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Venous System: Physiology of the Capacitance Vessels

Handbook of Physiology, The Cardiovascular System, Peripheral Circulation and Organ Blood Flow

  1. Carl F. Rothe

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp020313

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Rothe, C. F. 2011. Venous System: Physiology of the Capacitance Vessels. Comprehensive Physiology. 397–452.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Synopsis
  • 2
    Perspectives
  • 3
    Definitions and Basic Concepts
    • 3.1
      Definitions
    • 3.2
      Active Contraction of Veins
    • 3.3
      Effect of Flow on Vascular Volume
    • 3.4
      Central Venous Pressure
    • 3.5
      Mean Circulatory Filling Pressure
    • 3.6
      Venous Hemodynamics
    • 3.7
      Venous Resistance
  • 4
    Structural Characteristics of Veins
    • 4.1
      Anatomy
    • 4.2
      Volume of Blood
    • 4.3
      Vascular Compliance
    • 4.4
      Linearity of Pressure-Volume Relationship
  • 5
    Venous Return and Potential Role of Veins in Cardiovascular Homeostasis
    • 5.1
      Guytonian Relationship Between Venous Return and Cardiac Output
    • 5.2
      De Jager-Krogh Phenomenon
    • 5.3
      Venous Pooling on Standing
  • 6
    Reflex Control of Capacitance System
    • 6.1
      Effect of Neural and Hormonal Stimulation
    • 6.2
      Baroreceptors
    • 6.3
      Chemoreceptors
    • 6.4
      Atrial, Ventricular, and Pulmonary Receptors
    • 6.5
      Receptor Interaction
    • 6.6
      Venous Myogenic Activity
    • 6.7
      Venoarteriolar Reflex
    • 6.8
      Effect of Temperature
    • 6.9
      Time Course of Reflex Response
    • 6.10
      Capacitance-Vessel Tone
  • 7
    Veins in Health and Disease
    • 7.1
      Exercise
    • 7.2
      Vasovagal Syncope
    • 7.3
      Orthostatic Hypotension
    • 7.4
      Shock
    • 7.5
      Hypertension
  • 8
    Methods of Measurement of Vascular Capacitance
    • 8.1
      Transmural Pressure of Capacitance Vessels
    • 8.2
      Volume of Capacitance Vessels
    • 8.3
      Measures of Total-Body Vascular Compliance and Capacitance
    • 8.4
      General Problems
  • 9
    Pharmacology of Veins
    • 9.1
      Anesthetics
    • 9.2
      Angiotensin
    • 9.3
      Catecholamines
    • 9.4
      Histamine
    • 9.5
      Morphine
    • 9.6
      Nitroprusside
    • 9.7
      Serotonin
    • 9.8
      Vasopressin
  • 10
    Future Research