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Interaction of Cardiovascular Reflexes in Circulatory Control

Handbook of Physiology, The Cardiovascular System, Peripheral Circulation and Organ Blood Flow

  1. Francois M. Abboud,
  2. Marc D. Thames

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp020319

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Abboud, F. M. and Thames, M. D. 2011. Interaction of Cardiovascular Reflexes in Circulatory Control. Comprehensive Physiology. 675–753.

Author Information

  1. Cardiovascular Center and Departments of Physiology and Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Determinants of Neurogenic Control
  • 2
    Definitions
    • 2.1
      Cardiovascular Reflex Arc
    • 2.2
      Open-Loop Versus Closed-Loop Response
    • 2.3
      Types of Interactions
  • 3
    Central Nervous System Substrate
    • 3.1
      Medullary Nuclei
    • 3.2
      Hypothalamus and Cardiovascular Control
    • 3.3
      Inferior Olive: Suppression of Baroreflex
    • 3.4
      Cerebellar Control: Hypothalamic and Baroreceptor Interactions
    • 3.5
      Suprabulbar and Cortical Connections
    • 3.6
      Sleep and Sinoaortic Reflexes
    • 3.7
      Respiratory Influences on Baroreceptor Control of Vagal Neurons
    • 3.8
      Spinal Preganglionic Sympathetic Neurons
    • 3.9
      Medullary Preganglionic Vagal Neurons to Heart
    • 3.10
      Neuropeptides: Regulation of Arterial Pressure
    • 3.11
      Brain Amines: Reflex Control
  • 4
    Cardiovascular Reflexes that Might Interact
    • 4.1
      Sinoaortic Baroreflexes
    • 4.2
      Cardiac Receptors With Afferent Vagal Fibers
    • 4.3
      Cardiac Receptors With Afferent Sympathetic Fibers
    • 4.4
      Reflexes Originating From Chemoreceptor Stimulation
    • 4.5
      Reflexes Originating in Lung
    • 4.6
      Reflexes Originating In Skeletal Muscle During Exercise
    • 4.7
      Reflexes Originating From Facial and Upper Airway Receptors: Diving Reflex
    • 4.8
      Vestibulocerebellar Reflexes
  • 5
    Interaction of Specific Reflexes in Autonomic Control of Circulation
    • 5.1
      Selectivity and Nonuniformity of Autonomic Control When One Sensory Afferent Input is Activated or Withdrawn
    • 5.2
      Simultaneously Activating Sensory Stimuli
    • 5.3
      Redundancy in Baroreceptor Control of Preganglionic Neurons
    • 5.4
      Sensitizing Sensory Receptors and Modulating Efferent Sympathetic Neurotransmission
    • 5.5
      Regulating Renin and Vasopressin
  • 6
    Clinical Implications
    • 6.1
      Integrated Neural Responses to Myocardial Ischemia and Infarction
    • 6.2
      Interaction of Reflexes in Heart Failure
    • 6.3
      Reflex Interactions in Hypertension
  • 7
    Conclusion