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Arterial Baroreflexes in Humans

Handbook of Physiology, The Cardiovascular System, Peripheral Circulation and Organ Blood Flow

  1. Giuseppe Mancia1,
  2. Allyn L. Mark2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp020320

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Mancia, G. and Mark, A. L. 2011. Arterial Baroreflexes in Humans. Comprehensive Physiology. 755–793.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Istituto di Clinica Medica IV, University of Milan and Centro di Fisiologia Clinica e Ipertensione, Ospedale Maggiore, Milan, Italy

  2. 2

    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Techniques
    • 1.1
      Carotid Sinus Massage
    • 1.2
      Electrical Stimulation of Carotid Sinus Nerves
    • 1.3
      Section or Anesthesia of Carotid Sinus Nerves and Vagi
    • 1.4
      Occlusion of Common Carotid Arteries
    • 1.5
      Neck Chamber
    • 1.6
      Vasoactive Drugs
    • 1.7
      Nonselective Techniques
  • 2
    Arterial Baroreceptor Control of Heart Rate
    • 2.1
      Autonomic Mediation
    • 2.2
      Other Properties
    • 2.3
      Relationship to Base-Line R-R Interval
    • 2.4
      Relationship to Respiratory Cycle
  • 3
    Arterial Baroreceptor Control of Atrioventricular Conduction and Ventricles
  • 4
    Carotid Baroreceptor Control of Blood Pressure
  • 5
    Carotid Baroreceptor Influence on Cardiac Output and Total Peripheral Resistance
  • 6
    Arterial Baroreceptor Control of Regional Circulations
  • 7
    Arterial Baroreceptor Control of Veins
  • 8
    Set Point of Carotid Baroreflex
  • 9
    Aortic Baroreflexes
  • 10
    Factors That Modify Arterial Baroreceptor Control of Circulation
    • 10.1
      Age
    • 10.2
      Exercise
    • 10.3
      Mental Stress
    • 10.4
      Sleep
    • 10.5
      Anesthesia
    • 10.6
      Central Blood Volume and Posture
  • 11
    Pathological States
    • 11.1
      Hypertension
    • 11.2
      Heart Disease
    • 11.3
      Carotid Sinus Syndrome
    • 11.4
      Other Pathological Conditions
  • 12
    Modification of Arterial Baroreflexes by Drugs
    • 12.1
      β-Adrenergic Antagonists
    • 12.2
      Cardiac Glycosides
    • 12.3
      Antihypertensive Drugs