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Cardiovascular Adjustments to Thermal Stress

Handbook of Physiology, The Cardiovascular System, Peripheral Circulation and Organ Blood Flow

  1. Loring B. Rowell

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp020327

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Rowell, L. B. 2011. Cardiovascular Adjustments to Thermal Stress. Comprehensive Physiology. 967–1023.

Author Information

  1. Departments of Physiology and Biophysics and of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Critique of Some Methods Employed in Humans
    • 1.1
      Total and Regional Cutaneous Blood Flow
    • 1.2
      Cardiac Output
    • 1.3
      Central Blood Volume
    • 1.4
      Regional Blood Flow
    • 1.5
      Measurement of Temperature
  • 2
    General Features of the Cutaneous Circulation: A Brief Review
    • 2.1
      Cutaneous Blood Flow
    • 2.2
      Cutaneous Blood Volume
    • 2.3
      Innervation of Cutaneous Arterioles
    • 2.4
      Local Control of Skin Blood Flow: Interaction With Reflexes
    • 2.5
      Reflex and Local Control of Cutaneous Veins
  • 3
    Circulatory Adjustments to Heat Stress in Resting Humans
    • 3.1
      Changes in Cardiac Output, Blood Pressure, and Blood Volume
    • 3.2
      Distribution of Cardiac Output in Heat-Stressed Resting Humans
    • 3.3
      Cardiac Output and Its Distribution in Heat-Stressed Resting Subhuman Species
    • 3.4
      Distribution of Blood Volume in Heat-Stressed Resting Humans
    • 3.5
      Mechanisms of Blood Flow Redistribution in Rest
    • 3.6
      Acclimatization in Rest
  • 4
    Interaction Between Thermoregulatory and Nonthermoregulatory Reflexes in Control of Skin Blood Flow
    • 4.1
      Cutaneous Vascular Responses to Baroreflexes
    • 4.2
      Cardiopulmonary (Low-Pressure) Baroreflex
    • 4.3
      Postural Influences: Hydrostatic Problem
    • 4.4
      Upright Posture in Heat Stress: Interaction Between Reflex Vasoconstriction and Vasodilation
    • 4.5
      Exercise
    • 4.6
      Possible Modes of Reflex Interaction: Unsolved Problems
  • 5
    Overall Circulatory Adjustments to Heat Stress and Exercise
    • 5.1
      Distribution of Blood Volume
    • 5.2
      Redistribution of Blood Flow During Exercise
    • 5.3
      Central Circulation
    • 5.4
      Adaptation to Heat Stress and Exercise: Acclimatization