Standard Article

Afferent Inputs to Breathing: Respiratory Sensation

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Control of Breathing

  1. Fred W. Zechman Jr.1,
  2. Ronald L. Wiley2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030214

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Zechman, F. W. and Wiley, R. L. 2011. Afferent Inputs to Breathing: Respiratory Sensation. Comprehensive Physiology. 449–474.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky

  2. 2

    Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Methods used to Quantify Respiratory Sensations
    • 1.1
      Threshold Measurements
    • 1.2
      Scaling Methods
    • 1.3
      Apparatus for Adding Resistive and Elastic Loads
  • 2
    Perception of Volume, Ventilation, Frequency, and Pressure
    • 2.1
      Thresholds for Detection
    • 2.2
      Scaling Performance
    • 2.3
      Volume-Matching Studies
  • 3
    Perception of Added Resistive and Elastic Loads
    • 3.1
      Load-Detection Thresholds
    • 3.2
      Scaling of Added Loads to Breathing
  • 4
    Ability to Discriminate Between Added Resistive and Elastic Loads
  • 5
    Effects of Aging on Respiratory Sensation
    • 5.1
      Perception of Volume and Pressure
    • 5.2
      Perception of Added Loads
  • 6
    Perception in Patients with Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    • 6.1
      Load Detection (Difference-Threshold Measurements)
    • 6.2
      Scaling of Added Loads
  • 7
    Potential Sites for Receptors Subserving Load and Volume Perception
    • 7.1
      Upper (Extrathoracic) Airways
    • 7.2
      Lungs
    • 7.3
      Chest Wall
    • 7.4
      Diaphragm
  • 8
    Proposed Mechanisms of Perception
    • 8.1
      Evidence Supporting Primary Role of Muscle Afferents
    • 8.2
      Apparent Contributions of Motor Command
  • 9
    Interplay Between Perceptual Performance and Ventilatory Control
  • 10
    Summary