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Interactions Between Respiration and Circulation

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Control of Breathing

  1. M. De Burgh Daly

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030216

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

De Burgh Daly, M. 2011. Interactions Between Respiration and Circulation. Comprehensive Physiology. 529–594.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College, London, England

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Spontaneous Respiratory Variations in the Cardiovascular System
    • 1.1
      Arterial Blood Pressure
    • 1.2
      Heart Rate
    • 1.3
      Cardiac Output
    • 1.4
      Systemic Vascular Resistance
    • 1.5
      Pulmonary Hemodynamics
  • 2
    Central Nervous Control of Respiration and the Cardiovascular System
    • 2.1
      Receptors and Afferent Pathways
    • 2.2
      Cell Bodies and Efferent Pathways
    • 2.3
      Central Control of Sympathetic Efferent Activity
    • 2.4
      Descending Pathways to Spinal Sympathetic Outflow
  • 3
    Central and Local Peripheral Circulatory Control by Blood Gases
    • 3.1
      Central Effects
    • 3.2
      Peripheral Effects
  • 4
    Some Reflex Neural Control Mechanisms
    • 4.1
      Arterial Baroreceptors
    • 4.2
      Peripheral Arterial Chemoreceptors
    • 4.3
      Upper Airway Receptors
    • 4.4
      Facial Receptors
    • 4.5
      Cardiopulmonary Receptors
    • 4.6
      Overall Involvement of Cardiopulmonary Receptors
  • 5
    Reflex Cardiovascular Effects of Lung Inflation
    • 5.1
      Cardiac Responses
    • 5.2
      Changes in Systemic Vascular Resistance
    • 5.3
      Coronary Circulation
    • 5.4
      Nature of Pulmonary Receptors
  • 6
    Mechanisms of Respiratory Modulation
    • 6.1
      Pulmonary Vagal Reflex
    • 6.2
      Central Respiratory Neuronal Activity
    • 6.3
      Hypocapnia
  • 7
    Phasic Respiratory Modulation of Reflex Responses
    • 7.1
      Respiration
    • 7.2
      Heart Rate
  • 8
    Respiratory Modulation of Specific Inputs to Nervous System
    • 8.1
      Modulation by Hyperventilation
    • 8.2
      Modulation by Reflex Hypoventilation and Apnea
    • 8.3
      Interactions Between Carotid Baroreceptors and Chemoreceptors
  • 9
    Respiratory Modulation of Vagal and Sympathetic Efferent Fiber Activity
    • 9.1
      Activity in Cardiac Vagal Efferent Fibers
    • 9.2
      Activity in Sympathetic Efferent Nerves
    • 9.3
      Mechanisms of Central Integration
  • 10
    Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia
    • 10.1
      Mechanisms
  • 11
    Some Examples of Respiratory-Circulatory Integrative Control
    • 11.1
      Effects of Deep Breath
    • 11.2
      Valsalva Maneuver
    • 11.3
      Acute Hypoxia
    • 11.4
      Hypocapnia
    • 11.5
      Hypercapnia
    • 11.6
      Asphyxia and Breath Holding
    • 11.7
      Breath-Hold Diving
  • 12
    Effects of Changes in the Cardiovascular System on Respiration
    • 12.1
      Respiration, Metabolism, and Cardiac Output
    • 12.2
      Hemorrhagic Hypotension
  • 13
    Medical Implications of Respiratory-Cardiovascular Interactions
    • 13.1
      Diving Response
    • 13.2
      Protective Effects of Defense Mechanisms
    • 13.3
      Exaggerated Defense Responses
    • 13.4
      Restoration of Normal Cardiac Rhythm
    • 13.5
      Sudden Infant Death Syndrome