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Control of Breathing in the Fetus and the Newborn

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Control of Breathing

  1. A. Charles Bryan1,
  2. Glenn Bowes1,
  3. John E. Maloney2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030218

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Bryan, A. C., Bowes, G. and Maloney, J. E. 2011. Control of Breathing in the Fetus and the Newborn. Comprehensive Physiology. 621–647.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

  2. 2

    Monash University, Center for Early Development, Queen Victoria Medical Center, Melbourne, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Fetus
    • 1.1
      Methods of Studying Fetal Respiratory Activity
    • 1.2
      Normal Patterns of Fetal Respiratory Activity
    • 1.3
      Respiratory Afferent Input in Fetus
    • 1.4
      Respiratory Responses to Chemical Stimuli
    • 1.5
      Respiratory Responses to Somatic Stimulation
    • 1.6
      Miscellaneous Chemical Substances and Fetal Breathing
    • 1.7
      Patterns of Fetal Breathing During Labor
    • 1.8
      Fetal Breathing and Maternal Plasma Glucose Levels
    • 1.9
      Clinical Application of Fetal Breathing Movements
    • 1.10
      Conclusion
  • 2
    Newborn
    • 2.1
      Introduction
    • 2.2
      Chemoreceptors
    • 2.3
      Stretch Receptors
    • 2.4
      Irritant Receptors
    • 2.5
      Other Neural Inputs
    • 2.6
      Normal Breathing