Standard Article

Breathing Responses to Imposed Mechanical Loads

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Control of Breathing

  1. Joseph Milic-Emili,
  2. Walter A. Zin

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030223

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Milic-Emili, J. and Zin, W. A. 2011. Breathing Responses to Imposed Mechanical Loads. Comprehensive Physiology. 751–769.

Author Information

  1. Meakins-Christie Laboratories and Department of Physiology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Classification of Loads
  • 2
    Classification of Responses
  • 3
    Intrinsic Mechanisms and Responses
  • 4
    Neural Mechanisms and Responses
    • 4.1
      Intensity
    • 4.2
      Timing
    • 4.3
      Ventilation Equations
  • 5
    Model Predictions
    • 5.1
      Mechanical Loading During Passive Inspiration
    • 5.2
      Mechanical Loading During Passive Expiration
  • 6
    Responses to Loading in Anesthetized State
    • 6.1
      Immediate Responses to Inspiratory Loading
    • 6.2
      Immediate Responses to Expiratory Loading
    • 6.3
      Responses to Sustained Mechanical Loading
  • 7
    Responses to Pressure Biasing in Anesthetized State
  • 8
    Implications of Consciousness
    • 8.1
      Responses to Mechanical Loading
    • 8.2
      Responses to Pressure Biasing
    • 8.3
      Tolerance to Pressure Biasing and to Mechanical Loads
  • 9
    Conclusions