Standard Article

Control of Breathing in Ectothermic Vertebrates

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Control of Breathing

  1. Graham Shelton,
  2. David R. Jones,
  3. William K. Milsom

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030228

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Shelton, G., Jones, D. R. and Milsom, W. K. 2011. Control of Breathing in Ectothermic Vertebrates. Comprehensive Physiology. 857–909.

Author Information

  1. Department of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, England

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Breathing Patterns
    • 1.1
      Rhythmic Breathing in Unimodal Aquatic Exchange
    • 1.2
      Ram Ventilation in Unimodal Aquatic Exchange
    • 1.3
      Periodic Breathing in Bimodal Exchange
    • 1.4
      Periodic Breathing in Unimodal Aerial Exchange
  • 2
    Breathing and Metabolism
  • 3
    Rhythmic Breathing: Control in Unimodal Aquatic Systems
    • 3.1
      Central Pattern Generation
    • 3.2
      Responses to Mechanoreceptor Input
    • 3.3
      Responses to Chemoreceptor Input
  • 4
    Periodic Breathing: Control in Bimodal and Unimodal Aerial Systems
    • 4.1
      Pattern Generation
    • 4.2
      Role of Peripheral Input in Pattern Generation
    • 4.3
      Responses to Chemoreceptor Input
  • 5
    Conclusion