Standard Article

Morphometry of Airways

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Mechanics of Breathing

  1. Keith Horsfield

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030307

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Horsfield, K. 2011. Morphometry of Airways. Comprehensive Physiology. 75–88.

Author Information

  1. The Midhurst Medical Research Institute, Midhurst, England

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Definitions and Properties of Trees
  • 2
    Techniques of Airway Casting
    • 2.1
      Inflation
    • 2.2
      Fixation
    • 2.3
      Filling Pressure
    • 2.4
      Casting Material
  • 3
    Human Airway Morphometry
    • 3.1
      Definitions
    • 3.2
      Conducting Airways
    • 3.3
      Number of Conducting Airways
    • 3.4
      Variability of Airway Dimensions
    • 3.5
      Morphometric Parameters
    • 3.6
      Intra-acinar Airways
    • 3.7
      Bifurcations
    • 3.8
      Branching Angle
    • 3.9
      Diameter Ratios
  • 4
    Determinants of Airway Size and Shape
    • 4.1
      Diameter Ratios, Length Ratios, and Branching Ratios
    • 4.2
      Branching Angles
  • 5
    Models of Airways
    • 5.1
      Symmetrical Model With Connectivity
    • 5.2
      Symmetrical Model Without Connectivity
    • 5.3
      Asymmetrical Models With Connectivity
    • 5.4
      Asymmetrical Models Without Connectivity
    • 5.5
      Merits and Demerits of the Models
  • 6
    Conclusion