Standard Article

Oscillation Mechanics of the Respiratory System

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Mechanics of Breathing

  1. René Peslin1,
  2. Jeffrey J. Fredberg2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030311

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Peslin, R. and Fredberg, J. J. 2011. Oscillation Mechanics of the Respiratory System. Comprehensive Physiology. 145–177.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France

  2. 2

    The Biomechanics Institute, Boston, Massachusetts

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Modeling the Respiratory System as a Linear System
    • 1.1
      Models
    • 1.2
      Elemental Equations
    • 1.3
      Sinusoidal Forcing and Complex Impedance
    • 1.4
      Continuity and Compatibility Conditions
    • 1.5
      General Formulation of System Models
    • 1.6
      System Functions
    • 1.7
      Equivalent Circuits
    • 1.8
      Distributed-Parameter Models
  • 2
    History
  • 3
    Experimental Methods
    • 3.1
      Equipment
    • 3.2
      Inputs and Data Processing
    • 3.3
      Upper Airway Variability and Shunt
  • 4
    Frequency Responses Below 100 HZ
    • 4.1
      Total Respiratory System
    • 4.2
      Input Impedance Forcing at the Airway Opening
    • 4.3
      Transfer Impedance Forcing at the Chest
    • 4.4
      Transfer Impedance Forcing at the Mouth
    • 4.5
      Pressure and Flow Transfer Functions
    • 4.6
      Lung Impedance
    • 4.7
      Chest Wall Impedance
    • 4.8
      Airway Impedance
  • 5
    Frequency Responses Above 100 HZ
    • 5.1
      Wave Propagation in the Airways
    • 5.2
      Input Impedance Forcing at the Airway Opening
    • 5.3
      Pressure Transfer Functions
    • 5.4
      Airway Area by Acoustic Reflections
  • 6
    Clinical Applications
    • 6.1
      Pulmonary Function in Children
    • 6.2
      Obstructive Lung Diseases
    • 6.3
      Restrictive Lung Diseases
    • 6.4
      Miscellaneous Lung Diseases