Standard Article

Collateral Flow

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Mechanics of Breathing

  1. Harold A. Menkes1,
  2. Peter T. Macklem2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030321

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Menkes, H. A. and Macklem, P. T. 2011. Collateral Flow. Comprehensive Physiology. 337–353.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

  2. 2

    Department of Medicine, McGill University and Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Communications for Collateral Flow
    • 1.1
      Alveolar Pores
    • 1.2
      Alternative Pathways for Collateral Flow
    • 1.3
      Collateral Communications and Disease
  • 2
    Resistance to Collateral Flow
    • 2.1
      Measurements of Collateral Flow
    • 2.2
      Effects of Species, Location, Size, and Age
    • 2.3
      Mechanical Factors
    • 2.4
      Pharmacological and Neural Control
    • 2.5
      Respiratory Gases
  • 3
    Collateral Flow
    • 3.1
      Pulmonary Interdependence
    • 3.2
      Time Constants for Collateral Ventilation
  • 4
    Gas Exchange and Collateral Flow
    • 4.1
      Gas Exchange in Obstructed Units
    • 4.2
      Collateral Flow and Local Regulation of Ventilation-Perfusion Relationships
    • 4.3
      Airway Obstruction and Collateral Flow