Standard Article

Autonomic Factors in Hyperreactivity of Airway Smooth Muscle

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Mechanics of Breathing

  1. J. A. Nadel,
  2. P. J. Barnes,
  3. M. J. Holtzman

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030338

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Nadel, J. A., Barnes, P. J. and Holtzman, M. J. 2011. Autonomic Factors in Hyperreactivity of Airway Smooth Muscle. Comprehensive Physiology. 693–702.

Author Information

  1. Cardiovascular Research Institute and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Sympathetic Nervous System
    • 1.1
      Sympathetic Innervation
    • 1.2
      Circulating Catecholamines
    • 1.3
      β-Receptors
    • 1.4
      α-Receptors
  • 2
    Nonadrenergic Inhibitory Nervous System
  • 3
    Parasympathetic Nervous System
    • 3.1
      General Considerations
    • 3.2
      Altered Parasympathetic Activity
    • 3.3
      Studies of Asthmatic Patients
  • 4
    Conclusion