Standard Article

Ventilation-Perfusion Relationships

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Gas Exchange

  1. Leon E. Farhi

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030411

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Farhi, L. E. 2011. Ventilation-Perfusion Relationships. Comprehensive Physiology. 199–215.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Gas Exchange in a Single Alveolus
    • 1.1
      Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide
    • 1.2
      Nitrogen
    • 1.3
      Inert Gases
    • 1.4
      Review of Assumptions
    • 1.5
      Conclusions
  • 2
    Gas Exchange in the Whole Lung
    • 2.1
      Direct Measurement of Lobar Differences in Gas Exchange
    • 2.2
      Regional Differences in Gas Exchange in the Vertical Lung
    • 2.3
      Gas Exchange
  • 3
    Determination of inline image Distribution
    • 3.1
      Three-Compartment Model
    • 3.2
      Two-Compartment Model
    • 3.3
      Nitrogen Difference
    • 3.4
      Triple Gradient
    • 3.5
      Nitrogen-Carbon Dioxide Relationship
    • 3.6
      Inert-Gas Elimination
    • 3.7
      Gas Solubility, Dead Space, and Shunt
  • 4
    Alveolar-Arterial Differences
  • 5
    Factors Affecting inline image Distribution
    • 5.1
      Posture
    • 5.2
      Gravity
    • 5.3
      Exercise
    • 5.4
      Altitude
    • 5.5
      Liquid Breathing
    • 5.6
      Compensatory Mechanisms
  • 6
    Ventilation, Perfusion, and Tissue Homeostasis