Standard Article

Gas Exchange in Acid-Base Disturbances

Handbook of Physiology, The Respiratory System, Gas Exchange

  1. Eugene E. Nattie

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp030420

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Nattie, E. E. 2011. Gas Exchange in Acid-Base Disturbances. Comprehensive Physiology. 421–438.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Definition of Gas Exchange
  • 2
    Acid-Base Terminology
  • 3
    Effects of Acid-Base Imbalance on Steps in O2 Delivery Process
    • 3.1
      Alveolar Ventilation
    • 3.2
      Pulmonary Vasculature
    • 3.3
      Airways
    • 3.4
      Pulmonary Gas Exchange
    • 3.5
      Hemoglobin
    • 3.6
      Cardiovascular System
    • 3.7
      Tissue Metabolism
  • 4
    Measured Net Effects of Acid-Base Imbalance on O2 Delivery
    • 4.1
      Tissues
    • 4.2
      Whole Animal Stressed by Tissue Hypoxia
    • 4.3
      Whole Animal at Rest
    • 4.4
      Whole Animal in Exercise
  • 5
    Comparative Aspects of Acid-Base Balance and Possible Relationship to O2 Delivery
    • 5.1
      Temperature and Acid-Base Balance in Ectotherms
    • 5.2
      Significance for Gas Exchange in Homeotherms: Humans
  • 6
    Conclusions