Standard Article

Adaptations: Some General Characteristics

Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology

  1. Melvin J. Fregly

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp040101

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Fregly, M. J. 2011. Adaptations: Some General Characteristics. Comprehensive Physiology. 3–15.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, University of Florida, College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Stressor–Strain Relationships
  • 2
    Kinetics of Acclimation and Deacclimation
  • 3
    Classification of Adaptive Environments
  • 4
    Cross-Acclimations
    • 4.1
      Methods to Study Cross-Acclimation
    • 4.2
      Cross-Acclimation between Cold and Hypoxia
    • 4.3
      Cross-Acclimation between Cold and Heat
    • 4.4
      Cross-Acclimation between Restraint and Either Cold or Hypoxia
    • 4.5
      Cross-Acclimation between Heat and Hypoxia/Anoxia
    • 4.6
      Cross-Acclimation between X-Radiation and Either Cold or Exercise
    • 4.7
      Cross-Acclimation between Exercise and Hypoxia
    • 4.8
      Cellular Cross-Acclimations
  • 5
    Cross-Acclimation: Assessment by Acute Simultaneous Exposure to Two Stressors
  • 6
    Acclimation to Two Stressors
  • 7
    Adaptations: Role in Pathophysiology