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Peripheral Thermosensors

Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology

  1. Friedrich-Karl Pierau

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp040105

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Pierau, F.-K. 2011. Peripheral Thermosensors. Comprehensive Physiology. 85–104.

Author Information

  1. Max-Planck-Institut für Physiologische und Klinische Forschung, W. G. Kerchkhoff-Institut, Bad Neuheim, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    The Dual Concept: Warm and Cold Sensors
    • 1.1
      Structure and Localization of Thermosensors
  • 2
    Electrophysiological Characterization
    • 2.1
      General Properties of Thermosensors
    • 2.2
      Static and Dynamic Activity of Warm Sensors
    • 2.3
      Static and Dynamic Activity of Cold Sensors
    • 2.4
      Special Functions: Orientation, Prey Detection
    • 2.5
      Burst Discharge
    • 2.6
      Transducer Mechanisms
  • 3
    Sensitivity Adjustment of Peripheral Thermosensors
    • 3.1
      Adaptation to Environmental Temperatures
    • 3.2
      Adjustment by Sympathetic Outflow and Endogenous Substances
  • 4
    Neuropeptides and Capsaicin Sensitivity of Warm Sensors
  • 5
    Processing of Thermal Afferents
    • 5.1
      Trigeminal Nuclei
    • 5.2
      Spinal Segmental Level
    • 5.3
      Ascending Pathways
    • 5.4
      Descending Control
  • 6
    Conclusions