Standard Article

Body Fluid Balance During Heat Stress in Humans

Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology

  1. Gary W. Mack,
  2. Ethan R. Nadel

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp040110

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Mack, G. W. and Nadel, E. R. 2011. Body Fluid Balance During Heat Stress in Humans. Comprehensive Physiology. 187–214.

Author Information

  1. John B. Pierce Laboratory and Departments of Epidemiology and Public Health and Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Water Balance During Heat Stress
  • 2
    Methodological Limitations
    • 2.1
      Estimation of the Absolute Size of the Body Fluid Compartments
    • 2.2
      Estimates of Relative Changes in Body Fluid Compartments
  • 3
    Body Fluid Compartments
    • 3.1
      Effects of Acute Heat Stress
    • 3.2
      Effects of Dehydration
  • 4
    Control of Body Fluid Balance During Dehydration
    • 4.1
      Sweat Gland Function
    • 4.2
      Kidney Function
    • 4.3
      Hormonal Control of Renal Function
  • 5
    Heat Acclimatization
    • 5.1
      Expansion of Body Fluid Compartments
    • 5.2
      Mechanism of Plasma Volume Expansion
    • 5.3
      Salt Conservation in Sweat Gland
  • 6
    Summary