Standard Article

Neuromuscular Adaptations to Actual and Simulated Spaceflight

Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology

  1. V. Reggie Edgerton,
  2. Roland R. Roy

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp040132

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Edgerton, V. R. and Roy, R. R. 2011. Neuromuscular Adaptations to Actual and Simulated Spaceflight. Comprehensive Physiology. 721–763.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiological Science and Brain Research Institute, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Plasticity of Skeletal Muscle
  • 2
    Variations in Flight and Simulated Flight Experimental Designs
  • 3
    Muscle and Muscle Fiber Morphology
    • 3.1
      Hindlimb Suspension
    • 3.2
      Spaceflight
  • 4
    Muscle Fiber Type and Contractile Proteins
    • 4.1
      Hindlimb Suspension
    • 4.2
      Spaceflight
  • 5
    Adaptations in the Metabolic Pathways
    • 5.1
      Hindlimb Suspension
    • 5.2
      Spaceflight
  • 6
    Adaptations in Mechanical Properties
    • 6.1
      Hindlimb Suspension
    • 6.2
      Spaceflight
  • 7
    Neuromuscular Activity
    • 7.1
      Hindlimb Suspension
    • 7.2
      Spaceflight
  • 8
    Countermeasures
    • 8.1
      Hindlimb Suspension
    • 8.2
      Spaceflight
  • 9
    Neural Tissue Adaptations
  • 10
    Posture, Locomotor Performance, and Movement Control
    • 10.1
      Movement Perception
    • 10.2
      Posture and Locomotion
    • 10.3
      Maximal Torque Velocity
    • 10.4
      Tendon Stretch Reflexes
    • 10.5
      Hoffmann-reflex (H-reflex)
    • 10.6
      Vibration Sensitivity
    • 10.7
      Muscle Transverse Stiffness
  • 11
    Exercise as a Countermeasure for Adverse Effects of Spaceflight on the Motor System
    • 11.1
      Countermeasures for Motor Deficits
    • 11.2
      Some Basic Physiological Principles for Developing Exercise Countermeasures
  • 12
    Summary and Conclusions
    • 12.1
      Muscle Fiber Size Plasticity
    • 12.2
      Metabolic Adaptations
    • 12.3
      Fatigability of Muscle and Motor Units
    • 12.4
      Regulation of Myosin Isoforms
    • 12.5
      Integrative Strategies for Adaptations