Standard Article

Head-out Water Immersion: Animal Studies

Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology

  1. John A. Krasney

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp040238

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Krasney, J. A. 2011. Head-out Water Immersion: Animal Studies. Comprehensive Physiology. 855–887.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    The Gauer-Henry Hypothesis
  • 2
    Ratio of Blood Flow to Metabolism in Water Immersion
  • 3
    Transcapillary Fluid Shift in Water Immersion
  • 4
    Water Immersion as a Model for Hypervolemia
    • 4.1
      Methods for Eliciting Hypervolemia
    • 4.2
      Methodological Considerations for Animal Studies
  • 5
    Cardiovascular Receptors: Circulatory, Renal, and Hormonal Influences
    • 5.1
      Cardiac Receptors
    • 5.2
      Arterial Baroreceptors
  • 6
    Cardiovascular Responses to Water Immersion
    • 6.1
      Central Hemodynamics
    • 6.2
      Transcapillary Fluid Shift
  • 7
    Regional Vascular Responses to Water Immersion
  • 8
    The Renal Response to Water Immersion
  • 9
    Hormonal Responses to Water Immersion
    • 9.1
      Methodological Considerations
    • 9.2
      Vasopressin
    • 9.3
      Renin-Angiotensin II-Aldosterone System
    • 9.4
      Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP)
    • 9.5
      Renal Prostaglandins
    • 9.6
      Adrenergic System in Water Immersion
  • 10
    Conclusions